One thing tho, i would like to request you to send me some procedures on how to work with surface mount devices (SMD's). I cant get the IC as DIP so i have no choice but improvise an SMD. What is your most professional advice on this? Is it possible you could help me with any procedures for using an SMD on a PCB circuit?.
An SMT component is usually smaller than its through-hole counterpart because it has either smaller leads or no leads at all. It may have short pins or leads of various styles, flat contacts, a matrix of solder balls (BGAs), or terminations on the body of the component.
By Dean F. Poeth, II, Ph.D., P.E., C.Mfg.E.
For the Small Manufacturer and Hobbyist: Prototype Manufacturing, Rework, and Repair Techniques
SMDs have improved performance over through-hole components due to their smaller size, shorter internal leads, and smaller board layouts. These factors reduce the circuit’s parasitic inductance and capacitance. SMDs can also be more cost effective than traditional through-hole components due to the smaller board size, fewer board layers, and fewer holes.
What is Surface Mount Technology? Put Simply - It is a type of electronic component
package. Most electronic components can be divided into two categories - through hole (TH)
and surface mount (SM). Through-hole components have been used for many years and are
designed to be loaded on one side of a printed circuit board (PCB) and soldered on the other.
SM components are designed to be loaded and soldered on the same side of the PCB.
Luke Enriquez. Rev 1.3. August 2001.
VK3EM PO Box 98, Kerrimuir, Vic. 3129. Australia
One of the books here is The " Intersil Hot Ideas" - This was my Mentor Book These helped me build Intelligent Instruments in the 80s. Intersil( GE) was in advanced CMOS before anybody else. They made the smartest chips when the Microprocessors were being examined Skeptically by engineers. (At that time Microprocessors needed many support chips and consumed huge power only later CMOS uC came)
See also delabs Resources i have created as a reference for such doubts (2007)
i kinda found myself in a place where the voltage is so low (80v-110vAC) and i need to boost it up to 220v so what can i do? i have a burnt stabilizer (that is the electronics part) so i need the electronics circuit to replace the burnt one can Anybody help?
post by FP
here is a circuit i made for you, i am not sure it will work, i hope it will help you learn. part of these ideas are over 20 years old. Stabilizer Circuit
This circuit is a design i did, not tested by me as yet. It can Stabilize Mains voltage to around +/- 10% . It can be used for both 110V AC or 220V AC inputs with modifications. The Output is 220V AC. There is an overload, under voltage and over voltage trip circuit. With some tweaks and modifications it might work.
This circuit is a design concept, not tested by me and i did it just to explain some ideas. The circuit uses opto-coupler MOC3041 of Motorola and the Triac BTA-16-600 of ST as a solid state switch or relay. It also uses the LM324 quad opamp from National Semiconductor which is low power and single supply. As the MOC3041 switches the Triac at zero crossover there is no inter-winding short of transformer on crossover hopefully, the control circuit is designed in such a way that more than one triac will not be turned on at a time, i would like you to give feedback.
One more circuit, this is a bit complicated and it is not tested, it may not work that easy, just refer it to make your own design, it is just a bit of theory and my experience, i may be wrong at a few places.
I need a simple circuit to drive a 12v DC (4amp) light. But, it needs to dim to 25% over a specified amount of time. Basically it needs to hold at 25% (4v) for a few seconds then fade and increase to 100%(12v) , hold for a second then fade back to 25%.
Here are the electrical specs: - Input 12vDC @ 5amps - Output from 4vDC to 12vDC (amp draw may be as little as 1 amp or as much as 4.5) - Only 1 potentiometer is used to vary the rate at which the voltage changes from 4-12 - It must increase and decrease voltage in a very smooth way, so that it fades the light to 100% and then back down to 25%
There may be some documentation errors in my circuits. If you are used to building and troubleshooting circuits then it is ok.
Switching Battery Charger with L296
L296 is a switch mode power controller here. In this NTE327 or 2N5038 is used to boost the current output. This transistor is both high current and fast switching. U1A, LM358 measures the load current by reading the voltage across shunt R6 and compared to a current limit setting at R14 using U1B to give a load current control. R7-R8 give a voltage feedback for voltage limit.
I am working on alarm systems and would like assistance in designing wireless link for the unit, ie sensors to control panel, control panel to monitoring station.
I noticed most of the circuits available on your sites are FM 88 - 108 MHz, which would definitely cause interference. Can you please assist me with this final part of my system.
mail from RT
i would like to know........... The wireless link distance of Transmitter and receiver. The frequency range you want like FM 'n' MHz Are you aware of the regulations of wireless transmission.
What band is allowed in your country and what distance. what type of data needs to be transmitted. If this is for process control, RF should be avoided if possible. You should use 4-20mA current loops, RS485 or IR optics.
Foundation Fieldbus is a power-ful process automation system which offers numerous advan-tages over conventional techno-logies in terms of production quality and serviceability. But migrating to Foundation Fieldbus often entails changing the entire existing control technology - all the way to the managment level.
"The OMWT-XREC-MOD Wireless Transceiver uses an embedded 100-milliwatt frequency hopping wireless modem that provides communication between a local RS-485 network and a remote network of RS-485 connected devices. The OMWT-XREC- MOD will automatically sense the direction of data flow and switch the RS-485 and radio devices accordingly."